A 56yearold man with a 60 pack year cigarette smoking history, recent 5 pound unintended weight loss, and a 3 month history of new onset symptoms of peptic ulcer disease presents for care. Approximately 500,000 new cases are reported each year, with 5 million people affected in the united states alone. Introduction the stomach plays a pivotal role in the digestion of foods that we eat. Peptic ulcer russian federation pdf ppt case reports. However, the mortality in patients with duodenal ulcer was greater in the over75s 831 deaths in the over75s, 477 deaths in the under75s, p 0. Peptic ulcer disease powerpoint template, backgrounds 12431. The mucosal defense system can be divided as a threelevel barrier preepithelial epithelial subepithelial. Equine gastric ulcer syndrome, equine gi disease library. Duodenal ulcers are four times as common as gastric ulcers and occur mainly in the duodenal cap. Ppt gastric and duodenal ulcer powerpoint presentation. Ulcer disease after gastric bypass surgery surgery for. Gi disease may be limited to the gi tract eg, reflux esophagitis, peptic ulcer, diverticular disease, be a manifestation of a systemic disorder eg, inflammatory bowel disease, or present as a systemic disease resulting from a primary gi pathologic process eg, vitamin deficiencies resulting from malabsorption. Nsai, aspirin, cortisone and cytotoxic drugs cigarette smoking. Peptic ulcer disease kings county medical center hesham ahmed, md.
Approximately 11%14% of men and 8%11% of women will develop peptic ulcer disease in their lifetime. Peptic ulcer disease and related disorders harrisons principles. Treatment nearly all peptic ulcers will be treated with a proton pump inhibitor ppi like omeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole, rabeprazole, esomeprazole, dexlansoprazole and h2 blockers like ranitidine, cimetidine, famotidine and nizatidine. Peptic ulcer powerpoint presentation, ppt docslides by. Theyll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance the kind of sophisticated look that todays audiences expect. Aug 15, 2016 peptic ulcer ppt template with a white background and peptic ulcer banner.
The earliest operative description was made by mikulicz in 1884 but the first successful operation for a perforated duodenal ulcer was not until 1894. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding peptic ulcer disease pharmacotherapy issues in acute management and secondary prevention peter j. Peptic ulcer disease powerpoint template, backgrounds. The fluid originating from the perforated ulcer travels through the paracolic gutter to the right iliac. Consecutive patients undergoing upper gi endoscopy n1527 received a questionnaire consisting 23 questions related to the upper abdomen. Screening for aspirin or nsaids blood or urine may also be necessary in refractory h. Perforated peptic ulcer with unusual clinical presentation. Ppt peptic ulcers powerpoint presentation, free download id. The clinical presentation of peptic ulcer disease sciencedirect. Theyll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance the kind of sophisticated look. Find powerpoint presentations and slides using the power of, find free presentations research about gastric and duodenal ulcer ppt.
Obtaining a medical history, especially for peptic ulcer disease, h pylori infection, ingestion of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs nsaids, or smoking, is essential in making the correct diagnosis. Winner of the standing ovation award for best powerpoint templates from presentations magazine. The earliest operative description was made by mikulicz in 1884 but the first successful operation for a perforated duodenal ulcer was not until 1894 over the last two decades there have been a number of advances in the management of perforated duodenal ulcer. Peptic ulcer powerpoint presentation, ppt docslides. Peptic ulcer is a hole or open sore in the lining of the stomach, duodenum beginning of the small intestine or oesophagus. A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of your stomach or your duodenum, the first part of your small intestine. Peptic ulcer powerpoint template presentation magazine. The first report of a series of patients presenting with perforation of a duodenal ulcer was made in 1817 by travers. Gastric ulcer english lectures by mariela vasileva on prezi. View and download powerpoint presentations on case scenario of peptic ulcer ppt. In spanish they are called plantillas powerpoint gratis. Use this template for presentations on peptic ulcer etc. Treatment the standard firstline therapy is a free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. The occurrence of peptic ulcer disease is similar in men and women, but men are slightly more likely to get a peptic ulcer.
Get a printable copy pdf file of the complete article 334k, or click on a page image below to browse page by page. For instance, well go into gastrin, parietal cells, a famous bacterium, nsaids, gastritis, and much more. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6767 interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and 732 chapters. Introduction peptic ulcer disease represents a serious medical problem. Infection with the bacteria helicobacter pylori occurs in 80 to. The reduction in peptic ulcer disease complications might be associated with the widespread use of anti. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id.
Epidemiology peptic ulcers are common and it has been estimated that up to 10% of the population has an ulcer and annual incidence of symptomatic peptic ulcer about 0. Aetology aetology of peptic ulcer disease is multifactorial. Peptic ulcer is the property of its rightful owner. Peptic ulcer diseasedr shatdal 3 authorstream presentation. This lesson will discuss peptic ulcer disease and why and where it occurs. Most of peptic ulcer occur either in the duodenum, or in the stomach ulcer may also occur in the lower esophagus due to reflexing of gastric content rarely in certain areas of the 5. Clinical differences between gastric ulcers with and without.
Lightcolored swine with gastric bleeding may appear pale, especially in the mucous membranes of the eye, mouth or vulva. Peptic ulcer disease in both types of peptic ulceration, gastric and duodenal, there is an imbalance between secretion and neutralization of secreted acid. Omeprazole therapy to suppress the production of gastric acid has long been used successfully. Chart and diagram slides for powerpoint beautifully designed chart and diagram s for powerpoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. An ulcer is defined as disruption of the mucosal integrity of the stomach andor duodenum leading to a. Apr 11, 2019 there is a small chance of developing what is referred to as marginal ulcers after gastric bypass surgery. Gastric ulcer type ii zollinger ellison syndrome anastomotic ulcer depending on the duration. Ppt peptic ulcer disease powerpoint presentation, free. If so, share your ppt presentation slides online with. Get started with our laparoscopic gastric banding powerpoint template to deliever effective ppt presentations.
Today, research shows that most ulcers 80 percent of gastric ulcers and 90 percent of duodenal ulcers develop as a result of infection with a bacterium called helicobacter pylori h. Peptic ulcer ppt template presentation theme includes 1 title background and 20 content slides with charts and diagrams. The lesion of peptic ulcer disease pud is a disruption in the mucosal layer of the stomach or duodenum. Both gastric and duodenal ulcers relate to the corrosive action of pepsin and hydrochloric acid on the mucosa of the upper gastrointestinal tract. This usually occurs in patients that have a gastric pouch which. Gastric malignancy is common in japan, chile, finland and iceland than other world countries because of environmental and diet factor. Pathophysiology of gastric ulcer development and healing.
Gastric and duodenal ulcers usually cannot be differentiated based on history alone, although some findings may be suggestive. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding objectives peptic ulcer. Longterm medical treatment with sucralfate suspension and acid inhibitors seems. Full text full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Eleven questions were scored on a linear scale and a symptom score was calculated. Requirements microsoft powerpoint 2007, powerpoint 2010 or powerpoint 20. Gastric and duodenal ulcer ppt download slideplayer. It has essentially become the gold standard treatment protocol for equine gastric ulceration, particularly in the squamous region of the stomach. Peptic ulcer disease ppt free download as powerpoint presentation. He is taking no medications on a regular basis and reports drinking approximately 612 ounce beers per week with no more than three beers per day. This presents a scenario of urgency to the young surgeon who has to determine. Gastric ulcers occurs mostly in the lesser curvature of the stomach.
Peptic ulcer disease is the property of its rightful owner. Despite improvements in therapy, the widespread use of nsaids and lowdose aspirin means that the economic burden of pud remains a significant issue 1. Gastric ulcer should be treated for 812 weeks then reevaluated for healing. Ppt peptic ulcer powerpoint presentation free to download id.
What are the chances of developing a stomach ulcer after. Powerpoint presentation ppt of peptic ulcer an informative powerpoint presentation on the causes and effects of peptic ulcer. Patients with a gastric gu or duodenal du ulcer were. Peptic ulcer ppt template with a white background and peptic ulcer banner. Infection with the bacteria helicobacter pylori occurs in 80 to 95% of patients with peptic ulcer disease. Ppt peptic ulcer powerpoint presentation free to download. The adobe flash plugin is needed to view this content. Find powerpoint presentations and slides using the power of, find free presentations research about case scenario of peptic ulcer ppt. Peptic ulcer disease pud is a break in the inner lining of the stomach, the first part of the small intestine, or sometimes the lower esophagus. Despite the constant attack on the gastroduodenal mucosa by noxious agents acid, pepsin, bile acids, pancreatic enzymes, drugs, and bacteria, integrity is maintained by a system that provides mucosal defense and repair. Management of perforated duodenal ulcer ncbi bookshelf. Ppt peptic ulcer disease powerpoint presentation free. An ulcer is distinguished from an erosion by its penetration through the muscularis mucosa or the muscular coating of the gastric or duodenal wall. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is abdominal pain.
Gastric ulcers common in late middle age peak incidence at 6 th decade incidence increases with age male to female ratio2. What is peptic ulcer disease open sores in the digestive tract. Diagnosis and treatment of peptic ulcer disease and h. Patients who develop a marginal ulcer after gastric bypass surgery are often denied the qualityoflife improvements desired from massive weight loss. Typically occurs in the first inch of 1st part of the duodenum b. Clinical differences between gastric ulcers with and. View and download powerpoint presentations on gastric and duodenal ulcer ppt. Our new crystalgraphics chart and diagram slides for powerpoint is a collection of over impressively designed datadriven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. Worlds best powerpoint templates crystalgraphics offers more powerpoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Pharmacotherapeutic specialist emergency medicine csu pharmaceutical sciences, vancouver general hospital clinical assistant professor, faculty of pharmaceutical sciences, ubc. This is an ulcer just distal to the connection between the stomach pouch and small intestine.
Forms in lining of duodenum upper part of small intestine. Discuss the nursing management of a patient with peptic ulcer. The two most common types of peptic ulcer are called gastric ulcers and. Peptic ulcer disease ppt medical specialties clinical medicine. The reduction in peptic ulcer disease complications might be. Perforated peptic ulcer is a surgical emergency and is associated with shortterm mortality in up to 30% of patients and morbidity in up to 50%. An ulcer is defined as disruption of the mucosal integrity of the stomach andor duodenum leading to a local defect or excavation due to active inflammation.
Links to pubmed are also available for selected references. Powerpoint presentation ppt of mouth ulcers an informative powerpoint presentation on the causes and effects of mouth ulcers. Occurs in the lesser curvature adjacent to acid secreting parietal cell mass. Ppt peptic ulcer disease powerpoint presentation, free download. A prospective study was performed in order to assess the clinical presentation of peptic ulcer. Peptic ulcer articles case reports symptoms treatment, singapore. It is a hole that forms in the mucosal wall of the stomach, in. Download note the pptpdf document peptic ulcer is the property. Peptic ulcer articles case reports symptoms treatment, russian federation. Gastric ulcers are more common in presence of low acid, indicating defective mucosal defense. Find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Molecular mechanisms and novel therapeutic options matteo fornai, luca antonioli, rocchina colucci, marco tuccori and corrado blandizzi department of internal medicine, university of pisa, pisa, italy 1. The mortality in patients with gastric ulcer or gastric carcinoma was not affected by age.
In the vedio you can see how the presentation was supposed to be the link. What is a peptic ulcer ulcer of mucous membrane lining parts of alimentary tract exposed digestive juices includes esophagus, stomach. There is a small chance of developing what is referred to as marginal ulcers after gastric bypass surgery. Gastrointestinal disease pathophysiology of disease. Jan 14, 2014 gastric malignancy is common in japan, chile, finland and iceland than other world countries because of environmental and diet factor.
The most drastic change has been the recognition of the association between peptic ulcer disease and h. Temporal trends and geographical variations of peptic ulcer disease. Interestingly, those at the highest risk of contracting peptic ulcer disease are those. This usually occurs in patients that have a gastric pouch which was made to large at the original surgery. Lesion may subsequently occur into the lamina propria and submucosa to cause bleeding.1129 821 740 16 1454 1121 168 974 1208 1155 443 336 480 350 904 326 675 819 1214 348 1387 754 433 1277 1390 1171 1173 1470 632 825 200 1216 465 888 514 1221